Introduction – The Emergency Medical System

What Is EMS?

Emergency Medical Services, which are commonly referred to as EMS, is a type of system for providing emergency medical care.


After it has been activated by an incident where a serious injury or illness has occurred, the EMS then focuses on providing the patient(s) with emergency medical care.

It is most easy to recognize EMS whenever emergency helicopters or vehicles appear to be responding to an emergency incident. However, EMS provides much more than just rides to the hospital. Instead, it is a comprehensive system of coordinated emergency medical care and response, that involves multiple agencies and people. A comprehensive EMS system is prepared every to day for all types of emergencies.

EMS is a very intricate system, with each of the components of the system playing an essential role in performing as part of a seamless and coordinated emergency medical are system.

An EMS system is comprised of the following components:

Organizations and agencies (both public and private)
Transportation and communications networks
Specialty care centers, trauma centers, hospitals, trauma systems
Highly trained professionals
Career and volunteer pre-hospital personnel
Government officials and administrators
Therapists, nurses, and physicians
Rehabilitation facilities
An informed public that knows how to respond to a medical emergency

EMS doesn’t exist in isolation, but instead is integrated in with other systems and services that are intended to enhance and maintain the community’s safety and health. EMS operates at the intersection of public safety, public health and health care.

Emergency Medical Services.

A combination of resources and principles of each are used in EMS systems. Given that EMS providers work within the community, quite often they are the first ones to identify public health issues and problems. The emergence of serious health issues is frequently a sign of its arrival within the Emergency Department with it arriving via EMS. Given that EMS providers respond to various types of hazards and emergencies, they frequently work very closely with public safety workers in fire services and law enforcement. However, emergency medical care it their main mission.


The organizational structure of an EMS, in addition to who finances and provides the serious, will vary significantly from one community to the next.

Pre-hospital services may be based in a non-profit corporation (such as a Rescue Squad), independent government agency (such as a public health agency), a hospital, a fire department or commercial for-profit company. However, no matter who the provider is, the EMS System’s essential components are still the same.